6 Best UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Peru
Peru is a beautiful destination with an amalgamation of rich history, vibrant culture and ancient ruins. There are total 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Peru. These renowned sites are an invitation to explore the ancient archaeological monuments, unique natural beauty, historic sites and Spanish colonial architecture. These sites are not only beautiful but also hold great importance for the country.
So, let us delve into knowing more about the top 6 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Peru.City of Cuzco
Cuzco is an ancient city that is of great cultural and historical importance to Peru. It was developed by Inca rulers and was the capital of the Inca Empire for two centuries. The city was later conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. Instead of destroying the ancient city, the Spaniards decided to preserve it and thus, the city of Cuzco is home to a variety of well-preserved Inca and Spanish structures. There are many important temples and baroque churches located in this city. Still today, Cuzco remains as one of the best cities in Peru for tourists and is a favorite among tourists who enjoy cultural attractions.
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is perched at an altitude of 2,430 meters above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, which adds to the already existing charm of this place. It is one of the highly renowned archaeological sites from the Incas. Not only this, Machu Picchu is also one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations attracting about 1 million visitors annually. Apart from the cultural significance, it is a treasured natural site. Its location, giant walls, terraces and ramps look like they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments.
Chavin de Huantar
This oldest UNESCO World Heritage Culture Sites in Peru is now a well-known protected site located in the Peruvian Andes. This archaeological site was developed by a pre-Incan culture between 1500 and 300 B.C. It has a striking appearance with complex of terraces and squares and is adorned with zoomorphic ornamentation. There are a lot of temples, residences and other structures here. You will also find many untouched ancient artifacts here like precious metals, textiles, tools, pottery, etc.
Huascaran National Park
The stunning Huascaran National Park is situated in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca, the highest tropical mountain range in the world. This breath-taking natural site is declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Peru to protect the flora, fauna and geological formations. It is a great destination for trekkers, hikers and nature lovers. It is home to some of the amazing species like a spectacled bear and the Andean condor. Beautiful glacial lakes, snowy peaks and a vast variety of vegetation make it a site of spectacular beauty.
Manu National Park
Manu National Park was distinguished as a Natural Heritage Site in 1987. Spanning over an area of 1.5 million hectares, this huge park is spread over many tiers of vegetation rising from 150 to 4,200 meter above sea-level. The tropical forest at lower elevations is home to many rare species of plants and animals such as the giant otter, the giant armadillo and Jaguars. It is also a natural habitat for over 800 different species of birds. The park boasts of its impressive biodiversity.
Historic Center of Lima
Although fallen victim to the destructive earthquakes, the Historic Center of Lima is still well-preserved and is home to many cultural sites. Popularly known as the ‘City of Kings’, Lima was the capital and most important city during Spanish colonization. The city is known for its detailed colonial architecture, elegant structures and historic buildings highlighting both Spanish and local crafts. Buildings like the Convent of San Francisco, which is one of the largest in this part of the world attracts the attention of tourists from all over the world.
We are sure these top UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Peru have already got you thinking about taking a trip to the country. Isn’t it?
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